Science and the Qur'an
Insights into the source of the Qur'an
. . . based on scientific discoveries since 1998

In recent years, Muslims have begun to proclaim that the Qur'an contains scientific observations only discovered in the 20th and 21st centuries. For example, Muslims (in the 21st century) now believe that the Qur'an reveals that the universe will expand to a limit, stop its expansion, then collapse into itself. Several Qur'anic verses are used to support this Islamic view of the universe. Below are modern translations of the Qur'an found on the Internet on some Islamic websites. These Islamic web sites describe both the expanding universe and the collapse of the universe. Let's begin with the expanding universe interpretation of the Qur'an.

"...We have constructed the heaven with might, and verily, it is We who are steadily expanding it.... " (Surah 51:47).

Muslims acknowledge that only English translations of the Qur'an (in the late 20th century) use the word "expanding" (click on this pop-up to review earlier English translations of the Qur'an that did not use the word "expanding" in their rendition of Surah 51:47).

Since the earlier English translations of Surah 51:47 do not use the word "expanding," it is important to acknowledge that the most recent translations are hypothetical. Therefore, it is appropriate to question the translation that uses the word, "expanding."

Nevertheless, some Muslims will insist that the Qur'an does support using the word "expanding" for translation into English. Therefore, let's assume that the Qur'an does contain the "expanding universe" as a scientific observation written into its texts. Would this verify that the Qur'an comes from God?

This is the most important question to answer with logic and available evidence. Let's begin with the method that humans have used to make scientific observations. To make scientific observations, humans simply observe, then write their observation(s) on paper. A systematic collection of observations is usually made. And as humans have become capable of making precise measurements, better conclusions can be made of the observations using applied physics and math.

Now it is true that in the 7th century, humans were not capable of knowing that the universe was expanding. We must ask, "Who would have been capable of scientific observations in the 7th century?"

To begin, scientific observations are made by created beings, not the Creator (i.e.: Allah). We can easily reason that spiritual beings of all types would be capable of scientific observations of the universe. For example, a list of spiritual beings capable of scientific observations would include angels, archangels (Gabriel), demons, Satan, jinn, and others (the list could even contain spiritual beings that we don't know exist, or even ETs). Therefore, it is logical that a spiritual being could be the source of scientific observations that Muslims have only recently come to believe (hypothecate is a better word) are in the Qur'an.

Is this a good assessment? If it is true, then what does it mean?

All Muslims acknowledge that Muhammad believed that the words spoken to him during spiritual experiences came only from the Archangel Gabriel. Therefore, Muslims accept that the Archangel Gabriel could make scientific observations of the universe. But did the Archangel Gabriel get the words from the Creator? Or was the Archangel Gabriel that spoke to Muhammad (as opposed to Daniel the prophet, who also heard from the Archangel Gabriel) a spirit that deceived Muhammad?

"The answer to "Who is Gabriel?" based on physical evidence (for example, ancient artifacts like the dead sea scrolls, ossuaries, etc...) and logic can be discovered on the "Spiritual Technology" web site by reading the entire web site analysis. A math based conclusion is possible due to physical evidence related to spiritual ideas."

The Big Crunch in the Qur'an
(Collapse of the Universe)

Modern day Muslims now believe that the Qur'an reveals that in the distant future, the universe will stop expanding due to gravity. Then the universe will collapse back to a small point (smaller than a hand) to start a new creation. Let's review the collapsing universe interpretation of the Qur'an.

"That Day We will fold up heaven like folding up the pages of a book. As We originated the first creation so We will regenerate it. It is a promise binding on Us. That is what We will do." (Surah 21:104).

This Muslim author then refers to a second Qur'anic verse that supports the universe will collapse:

"They do not measure Allah with His true measure. The whole earth will be a mere handful for Him on the Day of Rising the heavens folded up in His right hand. Glory be to Him! He is exalted above the partners they ascribe!" (Surah 39:67).

The English translation given above is very similar to earlier English translations of the Qur'an. All English translations use a similar phrase that infers the universe will roll back together like a scroll before a new creation occurs. (click on this pop-up to review earlier English translations of the Qur'an that agree the universe will collapse before a new creation is done).

Since all English translations of the Qur'an agree that the universe will be rolled back together, it appears that almost all people would agree that the Qur'an takes this position. However, the evidence of science does not support the concept that the universe will collapse. Since 1998, scientists have concluded that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate. The universe will never collapse as recorded in the Qur'an. Consider the historic evidence supporting this conclusion that have been released to the public worldwide since 1998.

In the year 1998, after 10 years of intense research and observing distant supernova, two independent scientific teams (the Supernova Cosmology Project and the High Z Supernova Search Team Project) came to the same conclusion that the rate at which the universe is expanding is accelerating (getting bigger at a faster and ever faster rate). This idea was totally unexpected and is typically called the Accelerating Universe.

In 2002 to 2006, analysis of data collected from the NASA WMAP Satellite has permitted scientists to conclude that the universe is accelerating. Here is a quote from a NASA website with scientific conclusions. "For the theory that fits our data, the universe will expand forever!"

The conclusion that the universe will expand forever at an accelerating rate is based on the analysis of more than 800 Cepheid Variable Stars, more than 80 Type 1A Supernova, and more than 3 years of continuous data collection from the NASA WMAP Satellite. Due to the large amount of data involved in this analysis, the conclusion that the universe will expand forever at an accelerating rate is done at a high confidence level. The probability of this conclusion being wrong due to random error is extremely small.

The previous three paragraphs with credible offsite links verify that three independent scientific teams using two independent scientific methods agree. The universe will expand forever at an accelerating rate.

However, the Qur'an proclaims that the universe will collapse. And Muslims on various Islamic web sites state that the Qur'an records that the universe will collapse. Therefore the Qur'an is in grave contradiction with scientific data as well as the conclusions of scientists. This requires us to make a very serious statement about the Qur'an and its source.

Scientific data supports that the universe will expand forever at a high confidence level. Therefore, any so-called "holy book" that claims the opposite is wrong at a high confidence level. Since the Qur'an is obviously wrong, we must ask, "Who is the source of the Qur'an?"

Gabriel Who?
(Do Muslims really know the spiritual source of the qur'an?)

Please Note: Physical evidence and logic are used on this web site to compare Gabriel's words to Daniel the prophet versus Gabriel's words to Muhammad, the prophet of Islam. Since each prophet claims to have received words from the same spiritual being (Gabriel), then the words should agree when the same subject is being presented. However, we find that the words are diametrically opposed. Therefore, simple logic requires us to conclude that either Daniel or Muhammad is without doubt a false prophet.

Based on physical evidence of the dead sea scrolls, ancient ossuaries, the Pontius Pilate inscription, and many other artifacts, the "Spiritual Technology" web site concludes that Gabriel did in fact foretell the future through Daniel the prophet at the 99% confidence level. Who then is the spiritual being that contradicts Daniel the prophet as recorded in the Qur'an through Muhammad?

People who believe Muhammad received words from Gabriel do so on complete "blind faith," even those who were direct witnesses of Muhammad's spiritual experiences. It is impossible for those present to discern the subjective nature of Muhammad's spiritual experiences.

Please Note: If you have an open mind and will take the time to study in-depth the information on this web site, you can begin to discern that Muhammad did not speak with a spiritual being capable of foretelling the future. To state this another way, only the Creator (Who exists outside the limits of time-space) can accurately and consistently foretell the future random human events. Muhammad did not achieve this necessary requirement (scientific observations recorded in a so-called "holy book" are not future random events since they are simply observations). Therefore, it is logical to ask, "Who is the spiritual being that spoke to Muhammad?"

Scientific Observations
in so-called "Holy Books"

(Discern the Source, Be Very Careful of Your Conclusion)

We can also conclude that any other so-called "holy book" that reveals scientific observations of the universe does not mean that the source is from the Creator.

On a postive note, we can conclude that scientific observations in any so-called "holy book" infers that there is a spiritual level related to the universe. In turn, this infers that a Creator did create the one and only universe that humans have observed to date.

The Archangel Gabriel
(Spoke to Daniel the Prophet)

Daniel the prophet is the only other human being (as a prophet) that claims to have spoken directly with the Archangel Gabriel. This is important since it permits us to compare the book of Daniel to the Qur'an using math (Same spiritual source should have similar view when a specific subject is being presented). And the Dead Sea Scrolls confirm that the book of Daniel has not been changed. Based on physical evidence, we can have confidence that Daniel the prophet did in fact speak with the Archangel Gabriel. Since Muhammad presents views that are diametrically opposite of those taken by Daniel (on the same subject), we can conclude that Muhammad the prophet of Islam appears to have been deceived (at a high confidence level) by a being that claimed to be the Archangel Gabriel. Who is this spiritual being?

In the near future, I will update the site to address other modern Islamic views that the Qur'an contains scientific observations (For example, Muslims believe that the Qur'an contains scientific observations related to embryology). You can book mark this page and check back as I begin to revise the Spiritual Technology web site.

Go to Next Page Does the Bible foretell of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam?

| Quick Overview: Science | Quick Overview: Religion |
| Home | Site Map | Frequently Asked Questions |
| Webmaster: Send Comments |

Based on the book:
"Gabriel's Faces: voice of the Archangel"
ISBN 0-9640404-2-5