Scholars interpret Daniel's "time-oriented" vision many
different ways. These interpretations differ in the way they view
the beginning and ending of Daniel's time line. Let's review the
different interpretations by looking at the various dates possible
for issuing of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem.
Decree to Rebuild
Scholars conclude that only three Persian kings could have issued
the order to rebuild Jerusalem. Some believe Cyrus issued the decree
between 539 and 536 BC. Others think Darius issued the decree in
520-519 BC, which confirmed Cyrus' original decree to rebuild the
temple. Others hold that Artaxerxes issued the decree to Ezra in 458
BC. Finally, many espouse Artaxerxes' decree to Nehemiah on March
16, 445 BC.
Following is a chart showing each Persian king, the date of each
decree, and the specific purpose of each decree according to
According to the biblical references noted in the chart above,
Artaxerxes' decree to Nehemiah is the only decree that specifically
relates to rebuilding Jerusalem. All the other decrees were related
to the temple.
Nevertheless, I can evaluate each date given in the chart above
as to whether it is the actual decree to rebuild Jerusalem.
According to Daniel's time line, 483 years must pass from the
issuing of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem to the coming of the
Messiah in AD 28. Jesus began his ministry in the 15th year of
Tiberias Caesar according to Luke 3:1, which fell between August 19,
AD 28 and August 18, AD 29.
So if you believe that Cyrus issued the decree to rebuild
Jerusalem in 539 BC, then Daniel's time line must attain the 15th
year of Tiberias Caesar in AD 28. This linear idea can be explained
by the following graph.
On the left side of the graph above, insert any date believed to
be the decree to rebuild Jerusalem. Next, add 483 years to find out
if the time line attains AD 28, the year Jesus started his ministry.
Consider how each decree from the previous chart satisfies these
On the first row of the chart above, Cyrus' decree in 539-536 BC
attains 53 BC. Tiberias Caesar's 15th year occurred 80 years later.
If 173,880 days are added to Cyrus' decree, the time line reaches 60
BC. So Cyrus' decree does not appear to be a good choice for the
decree to rebuild Jerusalem.
On the second row of the chart above, the decree given by Darius
to rebuild the temple in 520-519 BC only attains to 36 BC. Daniel's
time line does not fit Darius' era.
Artaxerxes' decree to Ezra attains AD 26, two years short of
Tiberias' 15th year. If 173,880 days are added to the March 8, 458
BC date, the time line arrives at March 31, AD 19. So Ezra's journey
to Jerusalem in 458 BC does not appear to be a good choice for the
decree to rebuild Jerusalem.
Obviously, only Artaxerxes' decree to Nehemiah yields the correct
fit. Yet, some do not like this choice since it requires a 360 day
The End of Daniel's
In the above charts, I have taken a literal view of Daniel's
"time-oriented" prophecy in which the final seven years
(the 70th week -Dan. 9:27) is yet to be fulfilled. However, some
scholars believe that the entire prophecy was completely fulfilled
at Jerusalem's destruction in AD 70. Those believing Daniel's
prophecy is complete need a pair of scissors to cut and paste
Daniel's words to fit their interpretation. In the following verses,
I have moved the 27th verse and colored the words blue to match this scholarly viewpoint.
After the sixty two `sevens,' the Anointed One
will be cut off and will have nothing. He
will confirm a covenant with many for one `seven,' but in the middle
of that `seven' he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And
one who causes desolation will place abominations on a wing of the
temple until the end that is decreed is poured out on him. The
people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the
sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until
the end, and desolations have been decreed. (Dan.
9:26-27) [ NOTE: Verse 27 cut and pasted to the position some
scholars desire so that it matches their interpretation. This is a nonliteral
interpretation held by many Bible students].
In this structure, the sequence of events usually places Jesus'
3½ year ministry as the first half of Daniel's 70th week, and Rome's
destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in AD 70 as the end of the
The 360-Day Year
In the books of Genesis and Revelation, the length of a year is
defined as 360-days. The 360-day year decodes Daniel's linear
prophecy. From the decree to rebuild Jerusalem on March 16, 445 BC,
I have added 173,880 days based on the 360-day year to attain April
6, AD 32, the day Jesus rode into Jerusalem with crowds proclaiming
him as the Messiah. Exactly 14,000 days later, Rome set fire to the
temple. The 360-day year uncovers the 14,000 days in Daniel's linear
prophecy. In turn, the 14,000 days apply perfectly to the 21st
Recent in-depth research (done in 2004) on the Torah reveals a parallel generation of
14,000 days at the time that Moses led the Israelis out of Egypt to enter
the promised land. However, that generation was not allowed to enter the
promised land. Instead, that generation as counted from the census taken at
Mount Sinai to the day that Joshua crossed into the promised land is exactly
14,000 days. However, the time span of 14,000 days is entirely dependent upon
using the 360 days/year number. To review this research and visit the website
that did this research, click here.
I have used Scripture to interpret Scripture. The 360-day year
gives us a flawless interpretation of Daniel's linear prophecy that
yields 14,000 day generations in both the 1st and 20th centuries.
Are there other biblical prophecies that depend on the 360-day year?
Daniel received more "time-oriented" visions as
detailed in the following chart.
"Time-Oriented" Prophecies in Daniel